Modeling Tutorial
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Read the "Introduction"
Read an excerpt from Essay 1

"The Modeling Tutorial": Table of Contents

Tutorial book cover

Introduction: Laying Down the Path


Essay 1: What Is Modeling?

Maps and Models

Experience and Structure

Does Experience Have Structure?

Structure and the Acquisition of Abilities

The Advantages of Models

Useful Descriptions

Essay 2: Getting Started

Specifying the Ability


Sequential or Parallel

What Do You Really Need To Know?

Finding Where You Are As You Go

Selecting Exemplars

How Many?

Framing For Exemplars

The General Process of Elicitation

The Core Dump

The Flow of Outcomesv

The Flood of Descriptionv

Exploring Specific Examples

The General Process of Forming the Model

Compare and Contrast



Capturing Experience

Essay 3: Distinctions

Making Distinctions

Useful Distinctions

The Experiential Array

Elastic Boxes

The Flow of Effect

Simultaneity of the Array

Essay 4: Asking Questions

The Magic Carpet of Questions

How Do Questions Get Our Motors Going?

How Do Questions Set Our Filters?

Questions and Modeling

Though, No Guarantees

Framing Questions


Shifting the Frame of the Question

Framing by Clarification

Framing by Example

Framing by Distinction

Framing by Suggestion

Ready to be Wrong

Answering Un-Asked Questions

Essay 5: Patterning

What You Are Looking For




Useful Differences

Real Differences

Between Exemplars

Essay 6: Stepping-In

Making Sense

"Teach Me To Be You"

The Importance of Stepping-In

Red Herrings


Does It Fit? Does It Work?

Multiple Examples, Multiple Exemplars

The Fish in the Dream

How To Step In

The Central Belief: "Experience Has Structure"

The Necessary State: "Openness / Internal Space"

The Supporting State: "Reverence"

The How: Internal and External Behavior

Elements of the Experiential Array

Essay 7: Beliefs I: The Primacy of Beliefs

So What Are "Beliefs"?

The Relevance of Beliefs to Modeling

Equivalence Relationships

How Equivalence Relationships Relate to Beliefs

Causal Relationships

How Causal Relationships Relate to Beliefs

The Natural Expression of Equivalence and Causal Relationships

Equivalence and Causal Relationships and Modeling

Essay 8: Beliefs II: The Belief Template



Context and Modeling

Criteria and Modeling Abilities

Criterion in Focus



Do We Need Both?

Definition and Modeling Abilities

Evidence of Fulfillment

The Range of Evidence


Evidence and Modeling Abilities

Enabling Cause-Effect

Enabling Cause-Effect and Modeling Abilities

Motivating Cause-Effect

Motivating Cause-Effect and Modeling Abilities

Supporting Beliefs

Essay 9: Strategies

The T.O.T.E.

Nested TOTEs


The TOTE and Strategies

Narrative Strategies

The Test

Sensory / Imaginal

Past / Present / Future

Intermittent / Ongoing

Self / Others

Matching / Scaling

Single / Multiple / Assorted Experiences

The Test and Modeling Abilities

The Operations

Sequences and Sets

Attain and Maintain

Primary Operation

Secondary Operations

Operations and Modeling Abilities

Essay 10: Emotions

An Ocean of Emotion

Emotions as Summations of Experience

Emotions as Influencers of Experience

The Distinctions

Emotions as Experienced, Emotions as Observed

Pleasant Emotions, Unpleasant Emotions

Signal Emotions

Signal Emotions and Modeling

Sustaining Emotions

Sustaining Emotions and Modeling

Essay 11: External Behavior

The Interface

Why Not Use Only External Behavior?

External Behavior and Modeling

Essay 12: Contributing Factors


Essay 13: Elicitation: A Platonic Presentation

The "Ideal" Sequence

Planting the Flag

Array Elicitation Questions





Enabling Cause-Effect

Motivating Cause-Effect

Supporting Beliefs


Primary Operation

Secondary Operations


Sustaining Emotion

Signal Emotions

External Behavior

Contributing Factors

Essay 14: Elicitation: Warts and All


The Annotated Transcript

Our Exemplar: Ulrike

"Engaging the Audience": Transcript

Additional Transcript Commentary

Final Thoughts on the Elicitation

Working Models

Essay 15: Elegance

Allegiance to the Model

Why We Do Not Need To Include Everything

A Change in Structure Changes the System

Systems Are Self-Enriching

Why We Do Not Want To Include Everything

“Space” for the Person

Discovering What Is Necessary and Sufficient

Irrelevant Patterns

Implicit Patterns

Elegance for Others

Choosing INelegance

The Proof in the Pudding

Essay 16: Generic Models

Generic Modeling Protocol

The Art of Fudging

Same Language, Same Structure

Different Language, Same Structure

Different Language, Different Structure

Cherry Picking

An Example of a Generic Array


Criterion and Definition

Enabling Cause-Effect

Motivating Cause-Effect

Supporting Belief


Primary Operation

Secondary Operations

Sustaining Emotion

External Behavior

Essay 17: Acquisition

Already Someone There

Maintaining Coherency

Reference Experiences



Magnitude and Repetition

Acquisition Protocol: In General

ACCESS: Establishing the Model

Oceans of Experience

REHEARSAL: Becoming Competent

Monkey Wrenches


Acquisition Protocol: Specifics

The Shell

Criterial Equivalence


Motivating Cause-Effect

Sustaining Emotion

Enabling Cause-Effect

Supporting Beliefs

The Action

Levels of Competence

Primary Operation and External Behavior

Secondary Operations

In a Nutshell



Books and CDs by David and Graham

The Authors

Read the "Introduction"
Read an excerpt from Essay 1